Reading Comprehension Practice I

CIVIL-WARThe Civil War
The Civil War began on April 12, 1861. The first shots of the Civil War were fired in Fort Sumter, South Carolina. It is interesting to note that even though more American lives were lost in the Civil War than in any other war, not one person died on that first day. The war began because eleven Southern states seceded from the Union and tried to start their own government, The Confederate States of America.

Why did the states secede? The issue of slavery was a primary cause of the Civil War. The eleven southern states relied heavily on their slaves in order to foster their farming and plantation lifestyles. The northern states, many of whom had already abolished slavery, did not feel that the southern states should have slaves. The north wanted to free all the slaves and President Lincoln’s goal was to both end slavery and preserve the Union. He had Congress declare war on the Confederacy on April 14, 1862. For four long, blood soaked years, the North and South fought against each other.

From 1861 to mid 1863, it seemed as if the South would win this war. However, on July 1, 1863, an epic three day battle was waged on a field in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Gettysburg is remembered for being one of the bloodiest battles in American history. At the end of the three days, the North turned the tide of the war in their favor. The North then went on to dominate the South for the remainder of the war. Most well remembered might be General Sherman’s “March to The Sea”, where he famously led the Union Army through Georgia and the Carolinas, burning and destroying everything in their path.

In 1865, the Union army invaded and captured the Confederate capital of Richmond Virginia. Robert E. Lee, leader of the Confederacy surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant, leader of the Union forces, on April 9, 1865. The Civil War was over and the Union was preserved.
1. What does the word secede most nearly mean?

a. To break away from
b. To accomplish
c. To join
d. To lose

2. Which of the following statements summarizes a FACT from the passage?

a. Congress declared war and then the Battle of Fort Sumter began.
b. Congress declared war after shots were fired at Fort Sumter.
c. President Lincoln was pro slavery
d. President Lincoln was at Fort Sumter with Congress

3. Which event finally led the Confederacy to surrender?

a. The battle of Gettysburg
b. The battle of Bull Run
c. The invasion of the confederate capital of Richmond
d. Sherman’s March to the Sea

4. The word abolish as used in this passage most nearly means?

a. To ban
b. To polish
c. To support
d. To destroy

 

Low Blood Sugar

As the name suggest, low blood sugar is low sugar levels in the bloodstream. This can occur when you have not eaten properly and undertake strenuous activity, or when you are very hungry. When Low blood sugar occurs regularly and is ongoing, it is a medical condition called hypoglycemia. This condition can occur in diabetics and also in healthy adults.

Causes of low blood sugar can include excessive alcohol consumption, metabolic problems, stomach surgery, pancreas, liver or kidneys problems, as well as a side-effect of some medications.

Symptoms

There are different symptoms depending on the severity of the case.

Mild hypoglycemia can lead to feelings of nausea and hunger. The patient may also feel nervous, jittery and have fast heart beats. Sweaty skin, clammy and cold skin are likely symptoms.

Moderate hypoglycemia can result in short temperedness, confusion, nervousness, fear and blurring of vision. The patient may feel weak and unsteady.

Severe cases of hypoglycemia can lead to seizures, coma, fainting spells, nightmares, headaches, excessive sweats and severe tiredness.

Diagnosis of low blood sugar

A doctor can diagnosis this medical condition by asking the patient questions and testing blood and urine samples. Home testing kits are available for patients to monitor blood sugar levels. It is important to see a qualified doctor though. The doctor can administer tests to ensure that will safely rule out other medical conditions that could affect blood sugar levels.
Treatment
Quick treatments include drinking or eating foods and drinks with high sugar contents. Good examples include soda, fruit juice, hard candy and raisins. Glucose energy tablets can also help. Doctors may also recommend medications and well as changes in diet and exercise routine to treat chronic low blood sugar.
5. Based on the article, which of the following is true?

a. Low blood sugar can happen to anyone.
b. Low blood sugar only happens to diabetics.
c. Low blood sugar can occur even.
d. None of the statements are true.
6. Which of the following are the author’s opinion?

a. Quick treatments include drinking or eating foods and drinks with high sugar contents.
b. None of the statements are opinions.
c. This condition can occur in diabetics and also in healthy adults.
d. There are different symptoms depending on the severity of the case
7. What is the author’s purpose?

To inform
To persuade
To entertain
To analyze
8. Which of the following is not a detail?

a. A doctor can diagnosis this medical condition by asking the patient questions and testing.
b. A doctor will test blood and urine samples.
c. Glucose energy tablets can also help.
d. Home test kits monitor blood sugar levels.

 

 

Answer Key

1. A
Secede most nearly means to break away from because the 11 states wanted to leave the United States and form their own country.
B is incorrect because the states were not accomplishing anything
C is incorrect because the states were trying to leave the USA not join it
D is incorrect because the states seceded before they lost the war.

2. B
Look at the dates in the passage. The shots were fired on April 12 and Congress declared war on April 14.
A is incorrect because the dates show clearly which happened first
C is incorrect because the passage states that Lincoln was against slavery
D is incorrect because it never mentions who was or was not at Fort Sumter.

3. C
The passage clearly states that Lee surrendered to Grant after the capture of the capital of the Confederacy, which is Richmond.
A is incorrect because the war continued for 2 years after Gettysburg
B is incorrect because that battle is never mentioned in the passage
D is incorrect because the capture of the capital occurred after the march to the sea.

4. A
When the passage said that the North had abolished slavery, it implies that slaves were no longer allowed to be had in the North. In essence slavery was banned.
B is incorrect because it makes no sense in relation to the context of the passage.
C is incorrect because we know the North was fighting against slavery, not for it.
D is incorrect because slavery is not a tangible thing that can be destroyed. It is a practice that had to be outlawed or banned.

5. A
Low blood sugar occurs both in diabetics and healthy adults.

6. B
None of the statements are the author’s opinion.

7. A
The author’s purpose is to inform.

8. A
The only statement that is not a detail is, “A doctor can diagnosis this medical condition by asking the patient questions and testing.”

 

 

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